Ovarian cyst refers to cysts which contain liquid and grow in ovary.
1.Endometrial Cyst(Chocolate Cyst)：This kind of cyst contains clotted blood. Its clour is like chocolate so that it is called Chocolate Cyst as well. The cyst grows with the passage of time, which results in strong abdominal pain and spasms during menstrual period and sexual intercourse. Once it bursted, it would cause acute abdominal pain, then an emergency surgery is a must for that.
2.Teratoma(Dermoid Cyst): This kind of cyst is usually benign (No Cancerous Cells) in which there are fatty liquid mixed with hairs, teeth, bones, etc.Its volume is usually very small, without showing any symptoms. But once the cyst gets big enough, it may lead to Liquid Cyst.
3.Serous Cyst(liquid Cyst): Cyst contains transparent liquid, which may lead to canceration.
4.Mucinous Cyst: Cyst contains viscous liquid, which may lead to canceration.
5.Functional Cyst： In fact it is follicle which could not rupture timely. Its size is usually no more than 4cm. It usually disappears during menstruation.
Chocolate Cyst symptoms vary individually.Few patients have no symptoms whilst most patients suffer dysmenorrhea as its early manifestation. Dysmenorrhea could be said to the most obvious endometriosis symptom. However, it is usually ignored. Intercourse pain is also an obvious signal. Infertility is one of the symptoms too. Endometriosis takes a great proportion in resulting in infertility and abortion.
Functional Cyst, Teratoma, Serous Cyst and Mucinous Cyst are usually asymptomatic. When the cyst gets large,the patient may feel lower abdominal pain, pack pain or swelling. It may also squeeze the bladder which leads to urinary frequency or dysuria. It may be complicated by its infection, torsion, hemorrhage and rupture. These symptoms may cause nausea, vomiting, fever or abdominal pain. An emergency surgery is a must. Cyst sometimes leads to canceration. Besides loss of appetite and weight, abdominal swelling, early ovarian cancer usually have no symptoms in the early stage.Abdomen and limb edema may appear in the late stage.
Examination and Diagnosis:
Four-dimensional Color Utrasonograohy of Vagina
Electro-chemiluminescence Hormone for Six Items
Electronic Laparoscopic and Pathological Ultimately Diagnosis
Treatment for Chocolate Cyst
Chocolate Cyst is the most difficult benign tumor to be treated. It adheres everywhere, sloshes around and the disease gets worse and worse during each menstruation. And it is easily relapsed. Neither Chinese Medicine nor western one is effective. Laparotomy is traumatic and slow for recovering and it causes serious adhesion, which aggravates the illness.Thus a laparotomy is not suggested. Surgery like hysterectomy, ovariectomy has cured many patients, but organ removal brings about much sufferings to women.
Beijing Antai Hospital has first-class endoscope experts domestically and world-class medical equipments. Antai performs cyst dissection under micro-laparoscope and cover it with a biotic anti-sticking film. Antai guarantees that neither laparotomy nor ovariectomy would be taken, which would not pollute abdominal cavity or relapse. And it does not affect fertility either.Families are allowed to watch during the operation. A disc that video recording the operation process would be given to the patient as well.
Treatment for Teratoma
Teratoma Laparotomy that has small field of vision which makes it difficult to operate the surgery. Teratoma tissue cannot be dissected completely with this method.
Antai’s Treatment: To strip teratoma tissue with laparoscope, which does not pollute abdominal cavity, leave scar, remove ovaries or affect fertility.
Treatment for Serous Cyst and Mucinous Cyst
Antai’s Treatment: Interventional Ultrasound — To install a puncture rack onto vaginal probe and then penetrate the puncture needle into the ovarian cyst for liquid suction under ultrasound guidance. And then inject some drug that makes the cyst atrophy. This method is also applicable to patients who do not suffer dysmenorrhea or do not have the requirement for fertility.Removal of fluid could not only cure the cyst, but also help identify nature of the disease.The advantage is to put diagnosis and treatment together and also there is no need to be hospitalized.