Premenstrual Syndrome: Definition, Causes, Symptoms, Checkups and Treatment

Definition of Premenstrual Syndrome
 
Premenstrual syndrome is a variety of mental symptoms and a range of discomfort that occur 5 to 7 days before menstruation, the symptom after menstruation begins to recede very quickly, and appear again before next menstruation, and it repeats itself over and over again.


 
Causes of Premenstrual Syndrome
 
Premenstrual syndrome may be caused by the imbalance of estrogen and progestin in the body, the patients often experience a decrease in progestin and a relative increase in estrogen.
 
Symptoms of Premenstrual Syndrome
 
1.      Psychiatric symptoms: irritability, nervousness, emotional instability, easy to argue with people, insomnia and dreaminess,  lack of concentration, low work efficiency. Some people are depressed, negative, feel blue, slow, slouchy, uninterested, etc.
 
2.      Physical symptoms: may have finger, ankle, eyelid swelling, back pain, breast pain, nausea, vomiting, abdominal distension, systemic pain, hypersexuality, increased appetite and so on.
 
Checkups of Premenstrual Syndrome
 
Vaginal 4D Color Ultrasound
6 Electrochemical luminescence Hormones
 
Treatment of Premenstrual Syndrome
 
General Treatment:
 
1.      Increase nutrition, supplement protein and vitamin B;
2.      Eliminate mental stress, give psychotherapy;
3.      Treat with vitamin B6 and give oryzanol therapy.
 
Symptomatic Treatment:
 
1.      Limit salt and water intake 2 weeks before menstruation, give diuretics 1 week before menstruation to correct water and sodium retention;
2.      Give antidepressants and antimanic as appropriate to control mental and neurological symptoms;
3.      Use bromocriptine or danazol as appropriate to eliminate breast pain.
 
Hormone Treatment: Give hormone therapy for the above patients. Use progesterone, androgen or contraceptive tablet therapy as appropriate.

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